Madurai, the third largest populated city of the state Tamil Nadu has a significant ancient background. This place has many historical monuments and is also one of the major educational and industrial hubs of the Tamil Nadu state. There are many famous educational institutes here which include Madurai Medical College, Homeopathic Medical College, Law College, Agricultural College and Research Institute. The city of Madurai is famous for its beautiful Meenakshi temple.
The History of Madurai
Madurai has a huge historical background as the city was inhabited since the 3rd century. Many empires and rulers have ruled here, which include the Pandyas, Kalabhra dynasty, Cholas, Vijaynagri Empire, Nayak Rule, Madurai Sultanate, Carnatic Kingdom and The British. The world famous Meenakshi temple situated here was built by the government of British rulers. N.M.R Subbaraman and Mohammad Ismail Sahil were the leaders of Independence movement from this city. The municipality of this city was formed in the year 1866.
The culture of the city
Madurai is a city that never sleeps. The native language of this place is Thoonga Nagaram. The major festivals of this city are the Meenakshi Tirukkalyanam, the Chittirai festival and the car festival which are celebrated with the abundance of joy and happiness. The richness of this city is seen in every single thing like the magnificent artworks, handicrafts, ballads, folk dances, songs, festivals and much more. The religion followed by the natives of Madurai is Hinduism but the language spoken by them is Tamil. The other languages used by the people of this city include Malayalam, Urdu, Telugu, English, and Hindi. This alluring city is an ideal example of unity in diversity.
The Natural Resources
The major part of the town is largely occupied with agriculture. Madurai city rests on the flat and fertile plain of the river ‘Vaigai’. Paddy is the crop that is majorly grown here. The other crops grown here are sugarcane, oilseeds, cotton, and pulses. The minerals found from this city include granite, graphite, limestone, silica sand, barites, and tungsten. These minerals are also exported to the other parts of the country. The state of Tamil Nadu contributes 70% of tanned leather and 28% of leather footwear to the whole nation. Bananas, Mangoes, Rubber, Sugarcane, Tapioca, and good quality of flowers are available in this city.
Tour in the City
Madurai is very famous for its rich and regal heritage. A few must-visit places are:
- Sri Meenakshi Amman Temple: This temple is a prime attraction of this place. The temple has a mystic architecture where the halls have more than 1000 pillars. There are a few halls where the worshipping goes on for the whole day. The temple also has beautiful historic things.
- Samanar Hills: This is a place where one can get to see the beauty of nature and find peace. From the top of this place, you can have a look of the whole city of Madurai. The place has some caves and sculptures which is one of the major tourist attraction here. Also, there is a cool and picturesque spot where there is a beautiful waterfall.
The other places to visit around this place include Gandhi Memorial Museum, Thirumalai Nayakkar Mahal, and Alagar Koyil which fascinates the people who visit this city.
Madurai has a well facilitated international/domestic airport which has direct flights for Sri Lanka and Dubai. The closest metro city from Madurai is Chennai. The other way to reach here is railways which are connected to almost all the major metro cities of India. The local transportation in the city includes the cab, buses, and auto rickshaws.
Political and Economic Scenario
Madurai is administered by the Municipal Corporation of Madurai. After Chennai, it is the second oldest Municipal Corporation of the state. General, Engineering, Revenue, Public Health, Town planning and the Computer Wing are the six departmental parts of the Municipality. The commissioner supervises all these departments. To contribute the economy of Madurai the cotton crop and paddy rice are grown here. The supplementary income of farmers includes pottery, brick-making, poultry farming and carpentry. There are more than 2000 farmers who sell flowers in the city of Madurai on daily basis. The city is well known for its Jasmine plantations called Madurai Malli by the locality. There are a few rubber and automobile industries here. With the passage of time, few IT and software companies have started flourishing.
Tourism at this destination
This place is almost 3,500 years old and is one of the most beautiful and adorable places in Tamil Nadu. People visit this place throughout the year from different parts of the country and outside country to see the beauty of this place. There is a huge historic importance of this place and magnificent culture and heritage. The famous Meenakshi temple and its glory for which it is considered to be the world-famous tourist attraction, Phutu Mandapam a market full of jewelry, vessels, handicrafts, fabrics, a number of palaces, are the major attractions here in Madurai. Another famous market here is of bananas which have various kinds and categories of bananas. Also, there is a great museum of Gandhiji who helped with getting independence at this place. Here people can experience the rich taste of south-Indian cuisine. It is a perfect place for family, kids, and friends for having fun and peace.
The Significant City of Philippines – Cebu City
The Cebu city is the first capital of Philippines, being one of the significant centers in the Visayas of commerce, trade, and education. It is the oldest city in the country and a first Spanish settlement, located on the mid-eastern side of the Cebu Island. The name Cebu actually means a place for trading. Cebu Island is the main domestic shipping port in the Philippines and a home to about 80% shipping companies. This place has now been developed and converted into a global hub for shipping, tourism, and business and commerce industry.
The Cebu Island was ruled by the Portuguese and later by the Spanish. At the end of 18th century the Philippine revolution began against Spain but before its independence, the American troops captured the place after which the Filipino-American war broke and the Philippines were declared sovereign in 1900. In 1946 the country was liberated and since that time Cebu continued to develop and grow as an important shipping hub for the Philippines. In the late 90’s Cebu city was famous for the fashionable shopping centers, movie theaters and restaurants which eventually turned out to be a major trading and shipping hub.
The language spoken by a majority of people here is Cebuano. Spanish was used earlier. For about 80% of the population here follow Christianity in the form of Roman Catholics. The other religions being followed here are Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam. This place is a remarkable cultural center of the Philippines. Magellan’s cross is the city’s most famous landmark. The Basilica Minore del Santo Niño which is the Church of Holy Child is just a few steps away from this cross and features the country’s oldest historical object, the figure of the Santo Niño de Cebú (Holy Child of Cebu). All the festivals of Cebu and the cultural events are celebrated as Sinulog festival. The festival of Santo Niño, who was formerly considered to be the patron saint of Cebu is celebrated on every third Sunday of January.
Cebu stretching 196 kilometers from north and south is a narrow and long island. It consists of coastal plains, narrow coastlines, and limestone plateaus and also is surrounded by other islands, beaches, coral atolls, and great fishing grounds. Due to the Tropical climate, the place is an ideal location for the flora and fauna. There are many species of plants and animals which are found nowhere else in the world. The flora here is used as an essential natural resource as ingredients in commercially exported goods and products. Nickel, Iron, and copper are present in a significant amount at this place.
Local Guides and Tours
Casa Gorordo Museum is a huge and significant construction of wood, set in a pleasant, manicured garden well preserved colonial mansion. It features a wide patio and beautifully carved wooden furniture. It has a traditional and beautiful architecture. It costs 70 ₱ for adults.
The small Spanish outpost of Philippines, Fort San Pedro was built during the colonial era. It has a museum which has the wreckage and treasures of San Diego from Mexico. It costs ₱30.
Crocolandia is a place where people can witness different types of crocodiles, snakes, deer, and birds.
In Cebu, there are no direct flights as there is no airport here. To reach out this place there is an airport on Mactan Island in Lapu-Lapu city. It just takes around an hour to reach Cebu city from there. There are many direct flights to Mactan-Cebu international airport from countries like Singapore, Korea, Hongkong, and Malaysia. It is also the main domestic hub with many flights around the Philippine archipelago. Also, there are buses, jeepney, and ferry available.For local transportation, people use jeepney which is available for 24 hours. Their main terminals are at Ayala, SM mall and along Colon Street. There are local buses available. Taxis are also being used here. The white taxis with price meters are mostly honest in charging. There is a lot of pick-pocketing here so people need to be aware of misleading practices used here.
For traveling to Cebu i.e the flights to Mactan-Cebu International Airport from Hong Kong costs around Ṕ6265, Ṕ4282 is the fare from Manila, Ṕ11700 is the fare from Kuala Lumpur and Ṕ11000 is the fare from Singapore. There are many flights available from these places. Ṕ1700 is the cost of bus and Ṕ1750 is the cost of a ferry from Manila to Cebu.For traveling within the city, the jeepney costs around Ṕ10. Ṕ100 is the fare of a taxi which usually does not cross that. Ṕ200-Ṕ250 is the fair from the airport to central Cebu. People can hire cars for Ṕ50 per day.
In Cebu City, there is a mayor, vice mayor and sixteen councilors in which eight represent north and eight represent south region who govern the city. Each of them is being elected every three years. The city administrator is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the city. This City is independent of Cebu province being a highly urbanized city. In the city council, the chief of Association of Barangay Captains also takes initiatives. Currently, it is the 17th congress in which the present mayor is Tomas Osmeńa LP and the current vice mayor is Edgar Labella UNA.
The nearness to islands, beaches, hotels and restaurants, diving locations, shipping and significant heritage sites has made Cebu city an attraction to the global tourists. This has flooded the city of arrivals of domestic and foreign tourists. The port of Cebu is the second largest port in the country after Manila. Cebu is greatly accessible to the air, land, and sea which have become a gateway for the tourists to southern and central Philippines. Spread across the province, Cebu has 9 economic zones which facilitate a place to spread across with world-class facilities and a number of business incentives. The economic growth of Cebu has driven a rapid speed because of the increase in business investment, increase in tourism and real estate development.
Reasons to Select the Destination
Cebu is regarded as one of the best tourist destinations in the Philippines which has fun, adventure and thrills to offer to its visitors. This place has amazing shopping malls which include SM Cebu. There are significant gardens to visit like Queen City Memorial Garden, amazing beaches, shipping centers, majestic waterfalls, impressive museums, and monuments. Cebu is one of the famous places to study English in Asia. People here enjoy bike ridings, scuba diving, extreme rides, and swimming. The cuisine here is appetizing and mouth-watering. The weather here is dry and pleasing. Another thing that amuses people is the island of Olango and it is 6 small satellite islands which offer people to observe migratory birds and is also ideal for snorkeling. The beauty of Cebu city can be seen through the villages on its mountainsides. The significant Filipino-Spanish heritage buildings in this city are the attraction to many people. The impression of Spanish and Roman Catholic culture here is palpable.
The Island Of Glory – Jeju City, South Korea.
Jeju city is the largest town on Jeju Island. It is a part of Jeju province in South Korea. About over 10 million visitors visit this site from Korea, China, and Japan. The town is famous for lavish resorts, prestigious hotels, and amazing casinos. The currency used here is the South Korean Won. In 2011, the Gimpo-Jeju route became the busiest route making 9.9 million passengers traveling to/from Seoul city and Jeju city. It is also a major ferry domestic terminal. The town seems to be compact but has a large area. It has a population of 4, 35,413 in an area of 977.8km2.
The site has embarked an important role in the history of Jeju. Three ancestors of the Jeju people came from holes known as Samseonghyeol located in the Jeju City. There was a vigorous growth of this town from 1970’s. A few decades ago Shin Jeju or commonly known as new Jeju was created with many buildings, houses, offices and the airport. In July 2006, two cities were merged with the other countries like Seogwipo with Namjeju and Jeju Bukjeju Country to make these cities large and to directly administrate them by the province. Earlier, in1955 Jeju was already a part of Bukjeju Country but was separated.
The captivating and fascinating culture of Jeju is the mirror image of its society. The Korean language is mostly spoken by people and older generations and English language here is more approachable in the younger generation. Every year the Jeju fire festival is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm. Other festivals include Tamnaguk Ipchun Gut, Jeju cherry blossom festival, and Canola flower festival. Japgokbap a multiple grains dishes, Gontteok guk which are rice cakes and Saengseon guksu a dish with fish and noodles are some of the main dishes of Jeju. The things which depict the tradition here are its dialect, foods, customs, myths, and folklore.
Jeju Island is an island which is volcanic. It is a World Heritage Site which has Volcanoes and Lava tube. Hallasan is the tallest mountain and a dormant volcano in South Korea. Around the main volcano, there are other 360 satellite volcanoes. For about two million years ago, Jeju island was formed by volcanic eruptions which consisted of basalt and lava. The island has hundreds of craters scattered everywhere. There are bija tree forests found here. There is significant flora and fauna found here.
Local Guides and Tours
Jeju One Day Tour-East: This tour will let you visit some amazing places. The sightseeing includes seeing lava tubes, maze land, sung san sunrise peak, seongeup folk village, and eco land. This tour also offers you with Korean food. The cost of an 8-9hours tour is 69000 won. The transportation and sightseeing tickets will be included.
Jeju One Day Tour-West: This tour is also an enjoyable one. It includes seeing the teddy bear museum, mysterious road, trick eye museum, a waterfall and tea garden with mouth-watering Korean buffet lunch. The fare for this tour is 69000 won. The tickets and transportation will be included.
Jeju International Airport has direct ten international and thirteen domestic flights to Incheon there is one direct flight in a week. Also, there are flights to Hong Kong, Tokyo, Osaka Kansai, Beijing, Shanghai Pudong, Nagoya, Shenyang, Dalian, Changchun, and Fukuoka. The ferry services from Busan port, Mokpo port, Incheon port, Wando port and Nokdong port to Jeju port.
To get around the town and move the best ways of transportations are by taxis or by buses. There are public buses available here. Also, people can hire a car, a bike or a motorcycle for convenience by giving the rent on account of a daily basis.
The flight fares for traveling from Shanghai is 108632 won, from Beijing it costs around 156364 won, from Tokyo it is 329188 won, from Hong Kong it costs around 197513 won, from Incheon it costs around 67483 won and from Changchun, it costs around 263350 won. By traveling by ferry it takes a lot of time but is reasonable than flights.
To get around in the town bus fare costs around 4000 won. For taxi it will take 2500 won and as the distance increases the fare will increase. It takes 200000 won by renting a car for a day.
Jeju is a special self-governing province as it is a place of which the motive is to promote tourism. The general administration and political work of this place are carried out by the governor and his substitutes. The present governor of this site is Won Hee-Ryong. Jejudo is the government administrative unit. The site was made Special Self-Governing Province of South Korea on July 1st, 2006. This province was given extensive administrative powers that were earlier only in the hands of central government. This had been done to increase the no of tourist population and development of the island. This city became a Free International City.
Being a Special self Governing Province the tourism has been increasing here largely with the huge development of the economy. Also the other industries and sectors like agriculture, fishery, etc which give the share in the economic growth of the town. The Daum Communications which is a leading Korean internet site is a home of all the key functions in Jeju. There are also many international conferences and meeting held at this site. Jeju is famous for this. The island and the city have also hosted a number of notable events. The economic growth and development of this town are huge and rapid.
Reasons to Select the Destination
This town has fascinating and embarking events in which there is a lot of fun and amusement. There are various temples to visit and worship. The notable culture and tradition are stupendous. There are various great sculptures and carvings. The festivals celebrated here are remarkable. Some festivals include penguin swimming, Jeongwol Daeboreum festival, Jeju carnival festival and Bangeo festival. There a variety of special and traditional clothing for visitors to buy. There are iconic stone statues, kinds of green tea, chocolates, and wine to buy. There are numerous restaurants which serve different kinds of dishes of fish and rice is the staple food here. It is a good place to go to parties, relax at resorts or hangout to explore new places.
Jewel of Kedah, Langkawi The Place of Islands, Malaysia.
Langkawi an island which falls within the district of Kedah (Malaysia) is surrounded by almost 100 small islands amongst which only four are inhabited. This place is known as the Jewel of Kedah which is a UNESCO Geopark. Langkawi Island consists of 479sqkm of tropical grounds and is nearby the Thai borders. Malay is the origin of this place and almost 90% of people living here are Malay’s. This place has almost 62,000 inhabitants amongst which most of them live in the capital town, Kuah and others are scattered over a plenty of small villages, hotels, and resorts.
Earlier Langkawi was a place for mariners, seafarers, pirates, and fishermen to reside. Some people believed that this island was cursed for a couple of centuries. For pirates, Langkawi was a refuge or asylum which affected the northern part, Malacca Strait. By the middle of the 19th century, the British recaptured this place from the rule of Siamese. In 1957, Malaya got its independence from the British rule. Until the late 90’s Langkawi was very underdeveloped and silent island. By 2010, the government made huge efforts and converted this place a famous and a major tourist attraction. By 2012, the annual tourist visitors of this place reached 3 million.
In Langwaki, 90% of the population residing here are Malays. Most of them speak Kedah Malay, while some speak Chinese and Siamese. Islam is practiced by most of the residents of Langkawi. The groups of other communities include Chinese, Indians, and Thais. Different religions are followed by different people at this place. Hinduism is followed by Indians, Buddhism by Chinese and Thai and Christianity by mostly Chinese people. The local people usually speak English. The local symbol here is the Hibiscus flower. This place has a culinary tradition of a combination of Chinese, Thai and Indian tradition. The Baju Melayu is the traditional male clothing and Baju Kurung is the female traditional clothing.
Northern Malaysia has the state of Kedah in which this district lies. It is a cluster of 99 islands departed from mainland Malaysia by the Strait of Malacca. Langkawi lies 51km west from Kedah and has a land mass of about 47,848 hectares. Langkawi island is covered by forests, mountains and its natural vegetation. Here there is a lot of rainfall. The only dry season lies from December to February. The annual rainfall is more than 2400mm. Here the ecosystem comprises of tidal flats, beaches, estuaries, coral reefs, caves, limestone karsts, ancient rainforests, Palaeozoic-era rock formations, and an astounding level of geodiversity and biodiversity.
Local Guides and Tours
Mangrove Tour is a tour on a river where people can see the birds, monkeys, and eagles searching for food. The river has mangrove trees on both left and right sides. This tour is fun and enjoyable with lively experience.
Island Hopping Tours is a tour which takes people to several islands near Langkawi. The tour just costs around RM5-RM10 for four hours. The two main islands are Pregnant Maiden Island and Pulau Beras Basah.
Cable Car Ride and Hanging Bridge is an amazing an adventurous tour by which the beautiful islands and forests can be seen from the top. This tour costs around RM30.
By airways, direct flights from Penang, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Hat Yai, and Phuket are available to Langkawi. AirAsia, SilkAir, TigerAir, Firefly, KLIA Malaysia airlines and Malindo Airlines are the available options to reach out to this place. Langkawi Ferry, Tropical Charters, and Telaga Harbor are the operators for traveling by ferry. There is no direct train to Langkawi, people need to take the buses to reach out this place from the nearest city’s railway station.
For traveling within Langkawi, the taxi’s are available here for traveling from one place to the other place. Here cars and bikes are also available for rent. People can hire motorbikes and cars for their transportation due to lack of public transport. Also for traveling to short distant areas, people can use and hire bicycles.
Flights from Kuala Lumpur to Langkawi costs around RM150-Rm200 and flights from Singapore to Langkawi costs around RM200-RM250. To reach out Langkawi by ferry it usually costs around RM30-RM130 depending on the distance covered.
For traveling to this place by taxi it costs around RM30-RM50. The prices of these taxis are fixed. On hiring a car for traveling, the rent for a small car costs around RM50. For an air-conditioned mid-sized sedan the rent is RM70-RM150 per day. To hire a 150cc motorbike, the rent is around RM45-RM50. For people who wish to travel on a bicycle the rent for one day will cost around RM10-RM30.
In Malaysia, the politics is based on the pattern of Federal Constitutional Monarchy, in Which the country is ruled by the king and the prime minister. There are 13 state governments here. The head of this place Langkawi is Yang Di-Pertua i.e is the mayor of this place. The current Yang Di-Pertua is Sultan Muhammad V. The main purpose of the government in Langkawi is to promote the development of this place and promote tourism.
Langkawi is an agricultural based economy where there are vast rubber cultivation and fisheries. This island has beautiful ecological environment because of which it has become tourism-driven economy. The government of Langkawi take care and prevent the biological and environmental factors which can get exploited. The Northern Corridor Economic Region is a development program formed by the government of Malaysia to increase the economic growth of this place and the north peninsular region. The Northern Corridor Economic Region has the targeted the goal to reach MYR64.5 billion by 2020 from tourism expenditure. The world Geopark was the name given by UNESCO to Langkawi island.
Reasons to Select the Destination
Langkawi is an astonishing and impressive island. It is known as the Jewel of Kedah. The archipelago of Langkawi was declared Southeast Asia’s first UNESCO World Geopark. Also, this place is known for is attractive and alluring sceneries. The place has many beaches like Pantai Cenang, Pantai Tengah, Pantai Kok, etc. Here there is a lot of wildlife sightseeing for the wildlife lovers. People can spend an enjoyable and delightful time here. There are many cruises and marine restaurants to enjoy the cultural and traditional cuisine at Langkawi. There are many shopping malls and markets for shopping. This place is tax-free i.e duty-free. There are lots of things that are tax-free at Langkawi. The mangrove forests and rainforests, sandstone mountains and tidal flats, caves, and reefs, are some natural resources which exist in Langkawi in abundance. The people living here are very generous and kind. The alcohol here is relatively cheaper than any other place in Malaysia. Langkawi is one of the places where people can enjoy, have fun, relax, and spend a wonderful time with family and friends.
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